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Truck types

Here you can find basic information about the most common truck types on the market.

Counterbalance trucks

What is a counterbalance truck and what is it used for?

A counterbalance truck (CB for short) is an industrial vehicle designed to carry and stack loads. It is powered by an internal combustion engine or electric motor and equipped with a material handling system (mast, forks, etc.) that allows it to handle loads.

Counterbalance trucks carry their loads in the front. This position allows for a wide range of attachments and options to be used making the trucks versatile. They get their name from the counterweight placed at the back of the truck, preventing it from tilting forward during operation.

Counterbalance trucks can have either air-filled (pneumatic) or cushion tires. This enables them to handle uneven surfaces making them operable both indoors and outdoors. Counterbalance trucks offer good driving and load handling speeds as well as maneuverability and gradeability.

The need for a counterweight makes counterbalance trucks heavy. They also tend to be larger than other trucks overall, giving them a wider turning radius. The fact that the load is handled outside the pivot of the truck increases the risk of instability if not handled properly.

What is an engine-powered CB truck and what is it used for?

An engine-powered counterbalance truck is an industrial vehicle designed to carry and stack loads. It is powered by an internal combustion engine and equipped with a material handling system (mast, forks, etc.) that allows it to handle loads. The mechanical components are very similar to those of a car, but there are some differences.

Engines are a common power source for forklifts and they are fuelled by diesel, gasoline, LPG, or CNG. The capacity is usually explained in terms of engine output or torque and a forklift engine is designed to provide a powerful performance at low engine speeds.

Engine-powered counterbalance trucks are typically used in outdoor applications. Their design, good gradeability, and many tire options make them well adapted to handle uneven surfaces and slopes. However, the engine produces emissions, making them less suitable for indoor operations.

Which engine-powered CB trucks do you offer?

See all our engine-powered CB trucks

What is an electric CB truck and what is it used for?

An electric counterbalance truck is an industrial vehicle designed to carry and stack loads. It is powered by an electric motor and equipped with a material handling system (mast, forks, etc.) that allows it to handle loads.

Electric trucks use different motors to generate drive power and load handling power. These motors deliver force to drive wheels, hydraulic pumps, power steering, and so on. One of the key features of an electric motor is its ability to deliver maximum efficiency at startup. The efficiency then decreases with increased rotation, while output increases. Electric motors are easy to regulate since the efficiency and output can be controlled by adjusting the flow of electric current.

Electric counterbalance trucks are available with 3 or 4 wheels. The three-wheel models have a more compact body size and therefore a smaller turning radius.

Which electric CB trucks do you offer?

See all out electric CB trucks

Hand pallet trucks

What is a hand pallet truck and what is it used for?

Hand pallet trucks are manually operated low lifting trucks, designed for horizontal transport of pallets. They are steered with a handlebar mechanism with the operator walking in front of the truck.

Hand pallet trucks can be used in almost any industry and excel in low-intensity shipping and receiving applications over shorter distances.

They have a simple and durable design for all-day continuous use with no need for recharging. It is a cost-efficient truck with a low initial price and few service needs. The classic design has been advanced with optional features such as weighing, silent handling, and more.

Which hand pallet trucks do you offer?

See all our hand pallet trucks

Powered pallet trucks

What is a Powered Pallet truck and what is it used for?

Powered pallet trucks are electric low lifting trucks, designed for horizontal transport of pallets or other materials. They are steered using a handlebar mechanism.

Powered pallet trucks can be used in almost any industry and excel in shipping and receiving, and storing and picking applications. Due to the lack of a mast, they cannot be used for stacking but can instead be used in areas with low ceilings or other tight locations.

Powered pallet trucks are available with two different operator positions; walkie and rider. Walkies are handled by an operator walking behind, or in front of the truck. Some walkie models are equipped with platforms giving the operator the possibility to ride shorter distances. Rider models are designed with a seat making it possible for the operator to ride the truck during operation.

Which powered pallet trucks do you offer?

See all our powered pallet trucks

Powered stackers

What is a powered stacker and what is it used for?

Powered stackers are electric low to medium lifting trucks, designed for horizontal transport of pallets and stacking operations. They are usually steered using a handlebar mechanism. Powered stackers can be used in almost any industry and excel in storing and picking applications. The mast enables the stacking of pallets in racking for storage.

Powered stackers are available with two different operator positions; walkie and rider. Walkies are handled by an operator walking behind, or in front of, the truck. Some walkie models are equipped with platforms giving the operator the possibility to ride shorter distances.

Which powered stackers do you offer?

See all our powered stackers

Reach trucks

What is a reach truck and what is it used for?

Reach trucks are designed for warehouse applications and are typically used for stacking operations in medium to high racking. They come in a variety of designs and are available with lift heights above 13 meters.

Reach trucks get their name from their ability to extend their mast and/or forks to reach the loads. This is possible due to two outer support legs that stabilize and distribute the weight of the load. Reach trucks also comes in deep-reach models which can extend their forks to twice the depth.

All reach trucks are operated from ground level with the operator either standing or seated. Some models have optional stances and control units.

Which reach trucks do you offer?

See all our reach trucks

Order pickers

What is an order picker and what is it used for?

Order picking is the act of collecting goods, one or more at a time, to complete orders for shipping. This is a widespread practice in warehouses, e-commerce centers, and other distribution businesses.

Several truck types can support an order picking operation, but order pickers are specially designed for the job. They come in several designs, each adapted for different picking solutions, picking heights, and, picking cycles.

Some models are designed for ground-level picking only and don't have lifting capabilities, while others can reach above 12 meters.

What do I need to consider when buying an order picker?

Order picking trucks come in several designs, each adapted for different picking operations. Before you consider buying an order picker you need to know:

  • How high do the operators need to reach to pick the goods?
  • How big are the orders and how many orders will be handled by the same operator at once?
  • How far is the typical travel distance between different picking points?

The height can be measured in meters or levels, and note that the term "first-level" can mean either floor level or one level up depending on which country you're in. Order pickers are typically divided into low-, medium-, and high-level pickers with intervals of; up to 3 meters, 6 meters, and 12 meters.

Which order pickers do you offer?

See all our order pickers

Very narrow aisle trucks

What is a very narrow aisle truck and what is it used for?

A very narrow aisle truck is, as the name suggests, specially designed to operate in narrow aisles. It can spin its forks 180 degrees and move them horizontally, eliminating the need for space to back and turn the vehicle itself.

VNA-trucks can reach up to 15 meters and are available with two different operator set-ups: man-down, man-up, also called combi truck. The load can be lifted and lowered while the truck is in motion, resulting in very high throughput.

The use of VNA-trucks can reduce aisle width up to 50%. This makes them a good option if you need to increase the capacity of your warehouse but don't have the space or possibility to expand it.

What alternatives are there to VNA-trucks?

A reach truck is a good alternative if your aisles are wider than 3 meters and you don't need to lift past 13 meters. High-level order pickers share several characteristics with VNA-trucks. They might be an option depending on your operation.

Which very narrow aisle trucks do you offer?

See all our VNA-trucks

Towing tractors

What is a towing tractor and what is it used for?

Towing tractors are material handling vehicles designed to transport goods horizontally by towing. This is a common application within the logistic industry and the varying needs call for a wide range of tractors.

Some models are designed for towing indoors on smooth surfaces while others are adapted for outdoor use or both. They come in capacities from light to heavy-duty with three or four wheels and are either battery-powered or engine-powered.

The operator position also varies from walkie, to stand in or seated depending on the model. The walkie and stand-in models are designed for easy access on shorter trips, while the seated versions add comfort over longer distances.

Which towing tractors do you offer?

See all our towing tractors

Automated trucks

What is an Automated truck and what is it used for?

Automated trucks are driverless material handling vehicles, also called Automated Guided Vehicle, or AGVs for short.

AGVs rely on programming, pre-defined zones, and sensors to navigate and perform their specific tasks. They are designed to take care of the more repetitive work of any operation. Most truck types have at least one automated model, why they can be used for many different applications. AGVs are a vital part of our Automation solutions.

Which automated trucks do you offer?

See all our automated trucks